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Residential Ventilation & Indoor Air Quality

Measure Description

The most significant proposed change to the 2016 Title 24, Part 6 Residential Standards is the adoption of the 2016 version of ASHRAE Standard 62.2, Ventilation and Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Low-Rise Residential Buildings. The 2016 ASHRAE Standard 62.2 version replaces the California version of ASHRAE Standard 62.2-2010 (which includes Addenda b, c, e, g, h, i, j, l, and n) that was adopted by the 2016 Title 24, Part 6 California Energy Code. The 2016 version includes high-rise multifamily (HRMF) buildings, which were formerly covered by the commercial ventilation standard, ASHRAE 62.1. The following impacts result from the adoption of ASHRAE 62.2-2016, as well as other proposed measures that are designed to enforce and complement the provisions of the ASHRAE ventilation standard:

  • Increases single family residential ventilation rates by an average of 51 percent for the 2,100 square foot prototype and 41 percent for the 2,700 square foot prototype (see Figure 1)
  • Moves coverage of high-rise residential from ASHRAE 62.1 to ASHRAE 62.2, which decreases HRMF building ventilation rates by approximately 30 percent, depending on unit configuration
  • Provides for fine particulate matter (PM2.5) filtration of outside air in locations with high levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations
  • Requires an increase to the filter efficiency requirement listed in Section 6.7 of ASHRAE 62.2-2016 of from MERV* 6 to MERV 13 to reduce indoor levels of PM2.5**
  • Requires HERS verification that kitchen hoods in all dwelling unit types are Home Ventilating Institute (HVI) certified to meet ASHRAE 62.2 requirements for air volume, and sound ratings, and that they are externally vented
  • Requires sealing of multifamily units to improve compartmentalization and verification of leakage rates
  • For HRMF, requires a make-up air source for all units, and prohibits the use of passive vents in areas of high ambient PM2.5
  • Provides for verification that central exhaust shafts and ducts in HRMF buildings are sealed to limit air leakage.
  • Limits the use of indoor air being used as combustion air for space thermal conditioning, water heating and pool heating equipment.

These measures are intended to protect public health by providing a high level of indoor air quality (IAQ) while other Title 24, Part 6 requirements call for homes to be built with improved insulation and lower air leakage.

*MERV is Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value

**Pertains to Mechanical systems that supply air to an occupiable space through ductwork exceeding 10 feet in length and through a thermal conditioning component, except evaporative coolers. It is also referenced in Title 24 Part 6 Section 150(m)12.


The Statewide CASE Team 2019 Title 24, Part 6 Final CASE Report is available below. The Final CASE Report incorporates feedback received during utility-sponsored stakeholder meetings, Energy Commission Pre-Rulemaking workshops, and personal communication with stakeholders.

Presentations and Meetings

  1. Presentation from Stakeholder Meeting on September 27, 2016
  2. Notes from Stakeholder Meeting on September 27, 2016
  3. Presentation from Stakeholder Meeting on March 16, 2017
  4. Notes from Stakeholder Meeting on March 16, 2017

Code Language

  1. Draft Code Language – March 2017


  1. CASE Study Results Report
  2. Final CASE Report – Revised February 2018 (Added Appendix E, which discusses pressure drop in relation to filter efficiency and filter depth
  3. Final CASE Report
  4. Draft CASE Report

Other Resources

  1. Purchase ASHRAE Standard 62.2 here.
  2. Energy Commission’s Authority & Responsibility Regarding Indoor Air Quality

Give Us Your Feedback

The Statewide CASE Team values input from all stakeholders engaged in the Title 24, Part 6 code change process. We encourage the open exchange of code change comments and concerns.

  • Use the form above to provide feedback on this measure.

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