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Nonresidential High Performance Envelope

Measure Description

This CASE Report  for high performance envelope consists of five different submeasures: opaque envelope performance, roof alterations,  thermal bridging, cool roofs, and high performance windows. Each is described in more detail below.

Opaque Envelope Performance

The opaque envelope performance submeasure requires that existing assembly U-factor requirements be re-evaluated for the 2022 cycle using the latest cost parameters. All components of the opaque envelope, including walls, roofs, floors, and opaque doors will be re-evaluated to determine if cost-effective reductions in U-factor are justified.

Roof Alterations

The  roof alterations submeasure requires low-slope roof alterations where insulation is exposed to insulate roofs to the full R-value required by Title 24, Part 6. This submeasure offers an opportunity to bring existing building stock up to current Title 24, Part 6 requirements.

Thermal Bridging

Thermal bridging occurs when conductive elements penetrate a building’s thermal insulation and allow heat to bypass the insulating layer. This reduces the overall effectiveness of the insulation and decreases the efficiency of the building’s thermal envelope by allowing additional heat to escape the building. The current requirements only prescribe U-factors for an assembly (e.g., wall, roof, etc.). These assembly U-factors do not account for thermal bridges that occur at the intersection of two assemblies, such as a wall and a roof. Thermal bridging for poorly-designed details at the intersection of assembly can result in overall assembly U-factors that are as much as 50 percent higher than the requirement. Thus, the U-factor requirement for assemblies alone is not sufficient to capture the impact of thermal bridges because assemblies meeting the requirements may not achieve that level of performance in the field. This submeasure will improve detailing of the thermal envelope to better account for thermal bridges, thereby increasing the efficiency of the envelope and resulting in energy savings. The goal is to mitigate heat transfer through major thermal bridges in a building including: wall-roof intersections, wall-intermediate floor intersections, wall-fenestration intersections, and wall-exterior projections, including balconies and overhangs. This submeasure will build upon (though not necessarily replicate) the ASHRAE 90.1 proposal (addendum AV to ASHRAE 90.1-2016).

Cool Roofs

The nonresidential cool roof submeasure will reevaluate the existing prescriptive cool roof requirements for nonresidential buildings. The Statewide CASE Team will reevaluate requirements for aged solar reflectance, minimum thermal emittance and Solar Reflectance Index to determine if more stringent requirements are appropriate and cost-effective given the most recent product availability product costs. This submeasure will evaluate requirements for both low-slope (roof that has a ratio of rise to run of less than 2:12; 9.5 degrees from horizontal) and high-slope (roof that has a ratio of rise to run of greater than or equal to 2:12; 9.5 degrees from horizontal) roofs for new construction, additions, and alterations.

High Performance Windows

This submeasure will consider updates to U-factor and solar heat gain coefficients for windows in nonresidential buildings.

Provide Feedback

Participate in the Utility-Sponsored Stakeholder meeting for this topic on October 24th, 2019! View the event here.

This measure description will be updated as research is developed to support the 2022 code cycle. For questions or suggestions, email Include the measure name in the subject line.


Relevant Documents

Measure proposals, supporting documents, and other outside references will be made public as they become available.


Give Us Your Feedback

The Statewide CASE Team values input from all stakeholders engaged in the Title 24, Part 6 code change process. We encourage the open exchange of code change comments and concerns.

  • Use the form above to provide feedback on this measure.